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Here’s a compilation of the most important National Bhutan Facts you need to know, from their language to their symbols and what they mean to them.

The National Anthem Of Bhutan:

The national anthem is Druk Tshenden Kepay Gyalkhab Na In the land of the Dragon Kingdom, where cypress grows and it was first composed in 1953 and became official in 1966.

The music is composed by Aku Tongmi and words written by Dasho Gyaldun thinley.

The National Emblem Of Bhutan:​

National Emblem of Bhutan is circle that is composed of a double diamond-thunderbolt (Dorje) placed above a lotus. Surmounted by a jewel and framed by two dragons. The thunderbolts represent the harmony between secular and religious power while the lotus symbolizes purity

The jewel signifies the sovereign power while the dragons (male and female) stands for the name of the country Drukyul or the Land of the Dragon.

The National Language:

National language of Bhutan is Dzongkha Dzongkha was spoken by people who worked in the Dzongs that was the seat of temporal and spiritual power.

Bhutan is a multi-lingual society with about 18 languages and dialects spoken all over the country. Dzongkha is widely spoken in western region. The eastern region of the country speak, where as the people in the south speak Nepali.  

The National Day Of Bhutan:

17th December of is celebrated as National day of Bhutan every year. 

It commemorates the crowning ceremony of Gongsa Ugyen Wangchuck as the first hereditary king of Bhutan.

In Punakha Dzong on 17 December 1907.

The National Flag Of Bhutan:​

The national flag was designed in 1947 by Mayum Choying Wangmo Dorji and later modified in 1956 to take its final shape. 

The upper yellow half signifies the secular power and authority of the king while the lower saffron-orange symbolizes the power of Buddhism. The dragon, white in colour, is a symbol of purity of the country, representing Bhutan while the jewels in its claws stands for the wealth and perfection of the country.

The National Flower Of Bhutan:​

The national flower of Bhutan is Blue poppy (Meconopsis grandis). 

It is found at high altitudes of the alpine meadows of Himalayas and grows at a height of 1 meter on the rocky mountain terrain. 

It has a delicate blue or purple tinged appearance with a white filament and blooms to its full beauty in spring.

The National Tree Of Bhutan:​

The national tree of Bhutan is the Cypress (Cupressus torolusa). 

It is locally known as Tseden. It is found in abundance and one may notice it near temples and monasties. 

It is often associated with religious places

Cypress can grow in rugged harsh inhospitable terrains.

The National Animal Of Bhutan:

National animal of bhuta is Takin (burdorcas taxicolor). 

It is associated with religious history and mythology. 

Takin is rare and unique mammal that lives in the north-western and north-eastern part of Bhutan. 

It lives in a group and feeds on bamboos.

The National Dress Of Bhutan:​

National dress of Bhutan is Gho and Kira. The men wear Gho and women wear Kira. 

It was introduced during the 17th century by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel to give the Bhutanese a unique identity.

The National Bird Of Bhutan:​

Raven (corvus corax) is national bird of Bhutan.

represents the guardian deity of Bhutan- Yeshey Goenpa (mahakala). It is locally

The National Dish Of Bhutan:​

Ema Datshi is among the most famous dishes in Bhutanese cuisine, recognized as a national dish of Bhutan. 

It is made from chili peppers and cheese; “ema” means “chili” and “datshi” means “cheese” in the Dzongkha language of Bhutan.

The National Game Of Bhutan:​

Archery is the most popular and the most played game in the country and it is the national game of Bhutan. 

It is played wearing tradional dresses between the two teams.


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